The most internationally sought-after of ceramics, Ming goods became synonymous with the nation that produced them, referred to in India and the Middle East as “chini” and in English as “china”. Throughout the Yongle emperor’s reign it attained dizzy new heights of refinement, although blue and white ceramic was not a Ming invention.
New clay recipes made it possible for vessels to become thinner, and a white and a more glossy finish was made by glazes. A far greater selection of shapes was introduced, including several inspired by bottles, flasks, jugs, candleholders and pencil boxes from the Islamic world.
It had been embraced by the founder of the dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang, who had overthrown the Mongol Yuan dynasty, China’s preceding rulers for a century. Zhu Yuanzhang founded what would become Beijing in 1368 to 1398, along with the Forbidden City. With its population of around 85 million Ming China was by far the biggest state on the world. It had a greater land area, larger cities (and more large cities), larger armies, larger ships, bigger palaces, larger bells, more literate people, more spiritual professionals.
During this period, at the south of the country, China’s southern borders, that have remained unchanged until this day were fixed by the Ming. A fuller appreciation of the grandeur of these princely courts — in Xi’an the court took up half the city’s area — has been made possible above all from the excavation of princely tombs in recent years. A selection of finds from tombs in Shandong Sichuan and Hubei reluctantly bring living those provincial courts’ lavish lifestyles, the traces of which have largely disappeared above ground. Even though the prime aim of the voyages was political, they played a major role in bringing back to China cargos of pepper and distributing goods westward, stone, silver and gold bullion and artifacts — not forgetting spices. And, like exported luxury Chinese products began to trickle into far-distant Europe, not the least of these consequences was to stimulate adventurous European navigators to place out across the oceans in search of the origins of these wonders in the mythical areas of “Cathay.”
The Ming royal court fostered innovation in porcelain development in colour schemes, combining green and green, yellow and red, and red and white. Some orders awarded to the royal kilns’ size was shocking: One for 443,500 ceramic bits with phoenix and dragon designs was placed during the Xuande emperor’s reign, in 1433. The role of Middle East-inspired layouts and of cobalt out of Iran, that gave a more powerful blue than the local product, in the perfection of blue-and-white porcelain are both telling markers of another fundamental initiative of the Ming emperors of the first half of the 15th century: the opening of China into the broader world.
This occurred over half a century before Spanish and Portuguese ships appeared. Zheng He’s expeditions were created of the desire to establish the legitimacy of its rule in the entire hemisphere and also to recognition of its primacy in China, either through military threats or persuasion and gifts of the dynasty. The admiral’s armadas consisted of as many as 250 ships, a few of them 60 meters , at that time the biggest. These treasure boats carried ceramic, lacquer, silks and other Chinese goods, and were escorted by up to 27,000 men, many of them armed. The Ming Dynasty ruled China and it had been during the first half of the century, under its aegis, which milky porcelain was brought by design and technological advances to perfection.
Ultimately its the rarity and fragility of the Ming vase that continues to drive its values into the sky. Not only are they a fantastic appreciating asset however, they also have the benefit of an investment that you can place and enjoy on a daily basis. The representation of a powerful empire, well before Europe was sailing the seas and developing colonies, you can own your piece of this power here.